Nearly 4.7 million mothers, newborns, and children die each year in sub-Saharan Africa: due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth; 1,208,000 babies die before they reach one month of age, an estimated 880,000 babies are stillborn. Uganda is one of ten countries 5 globally which contribute the highest Maternal, Newborn and Child Mortality rate in the world. These deaths are preventabale given proper antenatal care. Unfortunately, Uganda records an inadequate utilization of antenatal care programs which has intensified maternal and neonatal mortality
Studies have linked low utilization to poor pregnancy outcomes, which ultimately lead to higher maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. This trend is unfortunate because early initiation and optimal frequency of antenatal care visits have proved to be key in ensuring a safe motherhood and childhood. Early initiation of an antenatal care visit enables early screening for complications, referral, and treatment. The optimal number of visits ensures consistent physician follow up of fetus development as well as the health of the mother. It also helps to create a rapport between the prospective mother and the health provider which is an indispensable pre-condition for a safe childbirth.